by Laine Welch
Alaska’s salmon catch of 273 million salmon set a record last year; so did the number of salmon returning home to state hatcheries.
The 2013 Fisheries Enhancement Report by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game shows a return of 112 million hatchery-reared salmon contributed 36 percent to the state’s total salmon harvest.
The breakdown by species was 63 percent for chum salmon, 38 percent pinks, 23 percent Chinook salmon, 22 percent cohos and 5 percent of Alaska’s sockeye salmon catch can be credited to hatchery returns.
Unlike farmed fish — which are crammed into nets or pens until they’re ready for market — Alaska salmon begin their lives in one of 35 state and/or privately run hatcheries and are released as fingerlings to the sea.
Prince William Sound has the greatest amount of hatchery action. Last year, 80 percent of the Sound’s salmon catch was hatchery-produced, including 88 percent of chums and 80 percent of pinks. Some 45 percent of sockeye were hatchery-produced. The hatchery catch was worth $113 million to PWS salmon fishermen; 68 percent of the total value.
Kodiak outpaced Southeast for hatchery catches last year. Fish returns to the island’s two hatcheries accounted for 35 percent of Kodiak’s total salmon catch; nearly triple from 2012. The value of $16 million was 26 percent of total ex-vessel value, which is an increase of $10 million. The hatchery catch breakdown was 12 percent chums, 20 percent coho, 15 percent sockeye and 38 percent pink salmon.
At Southeast, hatcheries contributed 10 percent of the total salmon catch last year, valued at $52 million, or 21 percent of the dockside value. The breakdown was 81 percent of chums, 32 percent of Chinook, 26 percent coho, 14 percent sockeye and 2 percent pinks. Nearly 761,000 hatchery-reared coho salmon returned to Southeast. It was the largest ever.
At Cook Inlet, just one percent of both the sockeye and pink salmon harvests were hatchery produced and valued at under $500,000.
This year, nearly 52 million hatchery-produced fish are projected to return to Alaska.
Lots of Tanner crab is coming out of Alaska this winter. The crab is popular in buffets and casual-dining restaurants throughout the country. Southeast Alaska wrapped up its best fishery in a decade with 80 crabbers hauling up 1.25 million pounds in 11 days. At an average fishermen’s price of $2.70 per pound, the Tanner fishery is worth more than $3 million to the region.
The snow crab coming out of the Bering Sea is a smaller cousin in the Tanner family at one to two pounds. It is half the size of the Southeast crab. With no ice problems this year, the Bering Sea snow crab catch of 54 million pounds could be hauled up in a couple of weeks. The base price for snow crab of $2.15/lb is similar to last year, worth nearly $120 million to the 46 boats in the fishery.
Alaska snow crab will soon face a bigger competitor than its arch rival Canada, which already produces double the Bering Sea volume. Now all signs are pointing to a huge, untapped snow crab supply in the Barents Sea. The Norway Marine Institute projects yearly snow crab catches of 25,000 metric tons — 75,000 metric tons in the next 10 years, and possibly higher. That equals 55 million to 165 million pounds. Seafood.com reports crabbing is underway, and Norway and Russia are devising a management plan for the new snow crab fishery. Trident Seafoods is a uniquely American story; one of home town boy makes good, claims John Van Amerongen, author of “Catching a Deckload of Dreams.” It’s the story of Chuck Bundrant, founder and CEO of Trident Seafoods.
“Think of a guy who hops into a ’53 station wagon in the middle of winter in Tennessee, stops to say good bye to family in Indiana, and then heads west,” Van Amerongen said in a phone interview.
“That was in 1961, and I like to say he didn’t know the pointy end from the square end of a fish or a fishing boat,” Van Amerongen explained. “He had just heard you could make enough money fishing in Alaska to pay your way through college, which was very important to him at the time.”
Trident is now the largest source-to-table seafood company in North America. That’s pretty good for a guy who got his start in fish holds at Adak.
“Literally, that’s where he got his start,” Van Am said. “So if you look at a beginning like that and see where he wound up, it’s a pretty amazing journey.”
The Bundrant family asked Van Am —as he is known in the industry — to write Chuck’s story. Van Am was the voice behind the Alaska Fisherman’s Journal for more than two decades.
Find “Catching a Deckload of Dreams” at the Trident Seafood website.
The Sitka roe herring fishery started March 20, and seiners took 5,000 tons in little more than two hours. Three more openers are expected to catch the total herring harvest of 16,333 tons.
The sales outlook for seafood is good for 2014. Progressive Grocer’s annual review of U.S. retail counters said that for the first time in 20 years, not a single retailer projected decreased seafood for sales this year. Other positives included stronger demand for wild fish, certified sustainable and seasonal seafood choices.
April 1 starts registration for take-at-home Fish Tech classes through the University of Alaska/Southeast at Sitka. Technicians are badly needed in jobs throughout the state. Ask about internships and scholarships. www.uas.alaska.edu/career_ed/fisheries/
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